Ruins Of Iassos

Temple of Artemis : This has not yet been located. It is known, however, that the cello was unroofed, leaving the goddess statue exposed to the elements. Temples with unroofed cellae are referred to as hypaethral.

Temple-of Zeus : This is located seventy yards inside the gate. An inscription beside the East Gate marks the limit of the temple’s precinct. Another boundary stone has been found, but it was out of place. A bascilica of later adte marks the position of the temple itself. Italian excavations have uncovered stylobates bearing the marks of columns. Architectural remnants date back to the 2nd century B.C. Excavations on the north-east side of the basilica have uncovered wals and potiery dating from Mycenaean to Hellenistic times.

The Land Wall: Running west and north for a mile and a half from the village, it turns south-westward for half a mile and then stops. Internal ruins indicate that it was built to defend a camp and not a city. It seems to have been built around the late 5th or early 4th century. Approximately six feet thick, with some variation, it possesses several jogs and round towers. Its ashlar masonry is irregular. The diversity is created by having some blocks weighing up to two tons and others very small. The towers are entered by a door through the. wall. Each contains two sally ports against the outer face of the wall on right and left, Five V-slit s, windows were cut into the wall of each tower. The jogs aiso contain  sally ports, increasing the number of gates leading outside the wall. The main entrance gate is located In a recess near an angle of the wall. For protection, it is enfiladed and possesses several windows. Beside each tower is a staircase up to the parapet.

The Theater: The ruins  of the theater have deteriorated badly. Facing north-east, it was approximately 200 feet across. At one time, twenty-one rows of seats were still visible. Mow only the rock-cut substructures, covered with soil, remain. The cavea’s retaining wall is best preserved on the south side. It is of handsome bossed masonry. A broad staircase leading up to the cavea has aisa been uncovered. In its present state, the stage belongs to the Roman period, at which time it was reconstructed, Only the lowest of the four or five courses Is original,’ Three doors in the back wall of the Roman stage lead to rooms which have been destroyed.

The front wall of the stage extends eighteen feet into the orchestra. It had a door leading under the stage. Between the two walls was a row of columns supporting the stage. An intriguing series of inscriptions on the walls recorded special performances by flute players and comedians. They are no longer observable. On the north wall is a dedication of a section of the’ cavea and stage to Dionysus and the people, it dates from the second century B.C.

The City Center: This was located on flat ground to the north of the theater, Two arched doorways and a high wall are thought to mark the site of the gymnasium or palaestra. The Agora has been partly uncovered. What appears to have been a council-house has been discovered nearby.

The Island Wall: Standing1 until the late 9th century, it has all ‘but disappeared now. It was an isodomic ashlar wall. A small fragment dt the southern tip and a ga‘e at the north-east corner may be seen. A tower in the wall In the south has been well preserved.

Burial Sites: These are. to be faurid primarily on’ the mainland. The tombs range from prehistoric times to the Roman period. The most conspicuous tomb was a mausoleum dating from Roman times. Italian excavators have uncovered a far more Imposing mausoleum, however. Of Roman date, it has been partially restored to stand over thirty feet’ high.

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