Ruins Of Alanya

Kızılkule (The Red Tower): This magnificent building Is situated at a point where the eastern coastal walls join the northern walls. This impressive fortress which is a genuine work of art was built by Ebu Ali, a weiPknown architect in 1225. Son of Kettani Reha of Aleppo, Ebu Ali built many famous castles in Turkey.

The Red Tower Is an octagonal structure, each side measuring 12.50 metres. On each side there are parapets, loopholes, and openings for pouring molten pitch or boiling water. The tower, which Is decorated with many inscriptions is five-storied. The first two stories are built of a reddish stone, and the upper stories are of large red bricks. The interior arrangement of the Red Tower presents genuine architectural skill, The entrance to the Tower is on the western side facing the Castle. On the Ground Floor there are eight compartments divided by eight magnificent arches. A stairway built of stone leads from the Ground Flcor to the First Floor where there are eighteen arches. Along the parapets there is a corridor built of bricks. In the middle of the Tower is a large reservoir which is at present filled with rubble. This Tower is unique in possessing such a water system, The top of the tower was originally covered with a conical roof. Water was drained from this roof into the reservoir by means of special drain-pipes built on the roof. A small door in the western part of the Second Floor leads to the top of the adjoining Castle and its fortresses.

The Shipyard: There is a Seljuk shipyard consisting of 5 compartments within the Coastal Walls to the south of the Red Tower, This unique work of art. where bootmakers still build sailihgboats, is over 700 years old. Its walls are built of hard stone blocks, and its arches and domes of brick. It has an entrance 2.50 x 1.60 meters built of marble, above which is an inscription written in the Seljuk style. There is a room on each side of the entrance, the one on the left being the guard room, while the one on the right served as the mosque for the shipyard. This entrance leads to the first compartment of the shipyard. Each of the five compartments of the shipyard is 7.70 meters wide and 42.30 meters long. There are wide arched doors between compartments. In the ceilings of the comportments ore skylights. There is a spring in the third compartment The roof of the shipyard is flat.

The Fortresses: Built for the purpose of protecting the shipyard are two fortresses on one of which is an inscription of Alaeddin Keykubat. The Alaeddin Mosque: This masque is situated behind the shipyard, It has lost many of its characteristics owing to man/ repairs’ and alterations that it has been subjected to through the centuries.

The Akcebe Sultan Mosque :  There is a beautiful small mosque on a dominating slope above the Bedesten and the famous Mec-duddin Reservoir. This fine mosque was, according to its inscription, built during the reign of Alaeddin Keykubat. It is built of large deep red bricks in the interior, and of stone on the exterior. The dome and the minaret are also built of red brick. It has an entrance on the north side. O.nly the lower part of the minaret remains today, A second mosqtie to be used In summer, and a tomb were built beside the Ak$ebe Sultan Mosque.

The Castle Mosque :  The Castle Mosque which is in the central part of the Castle is built on the foundations of an older mosque. It is believed to have been built in the XVIth century. The roof consists of a single dome supported by four walls. The main entrance has a frieze around it. Long and thick bricks were used in the construction,

The Reservoir :  Alanya is a city of cisterns (or reservoirs). Many houses within the Castle are still provided with cisterns. The Mecdiiddin Cistern between the Ak^ebe Mosque and the Bedesten within the Middle Castle is a remarkable one. This cistern which is fed with rain water is still in use, and many houses within the Inner Castle obtain their water from It. Through an opening on the top there are steps going dawn. Although this cistern has no Inscriptions, it is probable that it was built by Karamanoglu Mecuddln Mah-mut, one of the Beys of Alanya. The present inscription by Alaeddin Keykubat I was a later addition. The Palace: Sultan Keykubat’s palace was within the walls on the highest part of the hill. Remains of this palace can still be seen today.

The Church : There is a small single-domed Byzantine church close to the palace. A corridor links the dome and the entrance. Remains of frescoes representing the lives of the Saints can be seen on the interior walls.

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