The Acropolis : The path to the acropolis will take you post sections of the Byzantine walls that were constructed from the remains of earlier buildings. Not much else remains of the citadel built by King Meles during the 9th century B.C. At the southern end o; the acropolis is a well-preserved structure, also Byzantine, that marks the approximate area where the Persians gained entrance to the fortified city of King Croesus. The view from the top of the acropolis is a spectacular one, and includes the Tmoius mountain range to the south and the Gediz plain to the north,
The Necropolis: The Royal cemetery or necropolis lies on the Gedi2 pldin, about ten kilometers from the ruins of Sardis, near the Marmar lake, This is the great Lydian cemetery composed of nearly a hundred burial mounds. The area is called Bin Tepe by the Turks, which means «a thousand hills.» The largest of these mounds is the grave of King Alyattes, the father of Croesus who lived during the seventh century B.C. The mound, which was opened in 1962 and thon covered over again, measures more than a kilometer in circumference. Many of the graves are composed of stone chambers that served as burial vaults. Herodotus explains that five pillars were erected on the summit of Alyattes’ mound from funds donated by the people of Sardis. It seems that the largest donation came from the association of prostitutes, The base of the mound was formed with huge blocks of stone.