Pergamum (Pergamon)

This part of the guide aims at providing the tourist with historical and archaeological information on Pergamum. the famous city of the Attalus Dynasty, the rich capital of Roman Asia Minor and finally on the picturesque Turkish town of Bergama. … Read More »


Assos ( Behramkale )

HISTORY OF ASSOS The earliest history of Assos is thought to date back as far as the beginning of the first millennium B.C., when the Aeolians built oyer the top of the already ancient city of Ashachuvq. This former city … Read More »


Abydos ( Hellespont ) Çanakkale

The site of ancient Abydos, famous for the Legend of Leander, is located on the coast of north-western Anatolia, on the Dardanelle Straits or the Hellespont of antiquity, north of Canakkale. It is at the Turkish village of Nara looking … Read More »


Troy – Canakkale

We first find the words Troy and Troad in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey written in the 9th century B.C. Among other writers who subsequently disputed the question of Troy mere Lycurgus a contemporary of Horner, Anaximander of Miletus, barn towards … Read More »



Istanbul (Lat. 28-30’ E., Long. 41° N.) is situated between the Marmara and the Black Sea. This unique setting gives it a mixed climate, partly Mediterranean, partly Central European, and partly Black Sea, and the temperature varies considerably from season … Read More »


The Turkish Republic

As the Ottoman Empire declined during the first part of the 20th century, the sultans found that they could not keep pace with western progress, After a time the autocratic government became indifferent to the welfare of the people. The … Read More »

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The Ottoman Empire

For years the Seljuk Turks and later, the Ottoman Turks, from origins similar to those of their predecessors, after having pushed back the Byzantine Empire to its stronghold on the Bosphorus, had been attempting to gain entrance to the capital. … Read More »

Seljuk Turks

Seljuk Turks

The Seljuk Turks were a tribe moving westward out of the steppes of Central Asia. ‘By the tenth century, what had started out as a small group of tribesmen on the move, became a large force of’ fighting men that … Read More »


The Byzantines

In 330 Byzantium was proclaimed New Rome by Constantine the Great, as we have noted. Rome had become a bit uncomfortable for Constantine, so he moved his armies and enlarged the already ancient city on the Bosphorus. In November of … Read More »


The Roman Empire

Near the present-day Manisa, at ancient Magnesia ad Slpylum, a battle was fought between Roman legions and the armies of Hannibal and the Seleucid Antiochus 111. The year was 190 B.C., and the battle was called the Battle of Magnesia. … Read More »