A visit to the secluded site of ancient Ionian Myus, .nestled alongside the Meander River, can be □ most pleasant experience. This was ot one time a great port city on the Meander. It is located near the village of Avsar, almost directly south of Soke. A road approaches the site, from the town of Son Kemer, or, otherwise, the river can be crossed by ferry from the village of Ozbasi
HISTORY OF MYUS
Myus was founded by ore of the sons of Codrus. It was the [east rich and the least important of ail the cities of the Ionian League. One of the reasons for its relative insignificance was its poor site. It was situated in such a location that it was affected by the clay soil carried by the river Meander. This process of gradual silting up of the bonk of the river along the city’s harbor area soon left Myus at a distance from the water, its inhabitants were also hit by malaria which was spread by the mosquitoes that came to infest the low, marshy outcroppings of this soil deposit. Myus was, therefore, largely exempt from the glory surrounding the epic of Ionian civilization. In 499 B.C., o fleet of two hundred warships could anchor in the Myus harbor. Five years later, however, the harbor had deteriorated to such a point that, at the battle of Lade, it could furnish only three ships. The city was consequently required to pay only the smallest tribute of all the Ionian cities in the Delian Confederacy. But by 390 B.C., Myus wcs still independent, at least, and became Involved with her neighbor Miletus in a dispute over a piece of property. But by 201 B.C.. her population was reduced to such an extent that she was traded to the Magnes-ians as payment for a shipment of figs by Phillip of Macedon. Finally, by the second century, the remaining population was so heavily hit by malar/a that she could no longer continue to function as an Independent city. She evolved into the status of a dependency af Miletus, and soon this bond was just cemented into a political union. Eventually, the city died as all the inhabitants packed up their remaining properties and moved to nearby Miletus.
RUINS OF MYUS
Little remains of the site in our day. The foundations of the white marble Temple of Dionysus may be seen, but nothing is left standing on the site with the exception on a Byzantine castle situated on the bank of the Meander River. Ali that remains af the Temple of Dionysus is a part of the foundations, a supporting wall and a marble column drum. Myus must have had public buildings typical of the region and area, but, despite several excavation projects, very Ifttle has been turned up, It has been presumed that most of the materials that made up the buildings of ancient Myus were carried off for later construction in nearby Miletus, The side qf the hill below the castle was made into double terraces, one above the other. On the upper one, we find some cuttings into a rock wall. Into this was also hollowed out a chamber or niche. At one time a large Doric temple stood on the terrace thought to have been dedicated to Apollo. Only the foundations of one of the walls remain. On the tower terrace, we find another wali consisting of huge cyclo-pean blocks. And it was here that the Temple of Dionysus once stood. The residential area of Myus stood further to the east, where remains and foundations of houses and other small buildings can be found along with some tombs and water cisterns. The site of Myus was excavated in 1964 during the dig at Miletus, but nothing of any major archeological significance was uncovered.