Mausoleum of Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s final resting piace, Anıt Kabir in Turkish, is one of Ankara’s most impressive monuments. It dominates the skyline of the city and was built In a Neo-classical style in 1953, taking eleven years in the process of completion. Another great Turkish political leader, İsmet İnönü, is also buried in the mausoleum. It is located on a hill in the southwest of the city. The roodway that approaches the monument is lined with flowers and shrubbery, and the approach made on foot takes the visitor across a long, paved area fianked by iion statues. The splendor of the Interior Is accented with the marble used in its make-up. The symbolical tomb is alsa of marble; Atatürk is buried beneath this in a vault. A museum is attached to the mausoleum containing articles from Atatürk’s life. The mausoleum proper contains a huge inscription on its outside walls which was part of a speech given by Atatürk, known os the «Testament to Youth». The huge tomb was designed in the form of a temple surrounded by porticoes with quadrangular pillars of fine travertine limestone. The walls of the main funerary chamber are faced with black and white, red-veined marble, and the ceiling is sumptuously decorated wijh golden mosaics of purely Turkish motifs. The bronze doors were ryiode in Italy. The entrance to the monument is reached by thirty-three steps that are decorated with bas-reliefs. The tower of liberty stands to the right of the staircase and the tower of Independence to the left.

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