The town of Kars is situated on a level, far-reaching plateau at an altitude of 1750 meters, extending out from the base of an ancient citadel. It was an important city during the Armenian period of power in Anatolia, in the 8th to the 11th century. It served as the capital of the area during the period of the Bagratid dynasty. An Important stronghold by the Turco-Russlan border, it was many times besieged    by    the    Russians during    the 19th century,    to be

finally annexed  to  Turkey in 1920. The    town is dominated    by a powerful citadel founded by the Armenians. At the. foot of the citadel you can visit the most remarkable building of Kars, the Church of the Apostles or the Kiimbei Caml, an ancient Armenian church that was erected in the 10th century by a Byzantine king and today has been converted into a museum.

Because of the nearness of the frontier, it is necessary to request authorization from the security service to visit the remains of the town of Ani. You reach Ani .by a fairly good track of some fifty kilometers, and, at the end of an hour and a half of travelling, the silhouette of the city walls of the ancient Armenian capital rises into view.

History Of Kars : This region belonged to Urartu from the years 1000 to 600 B.C. Invaded by the Scythians in 665 B.C., Kars became part of the Pontus Kingdom at one period, subsequently coming under the rule  of  the  Roman Empire. .>>

Ruins Of Kars : The old and new sections of Kars stretch out on both sides of the river; these form the upper and lower levels of the town. There is an old bridge between these two points, connecting them, that dates to the Seljuk period of Turkish occupation. Armenian relics can be seen lining the roadway, including the Argtna’ Basilica that is from the 10th century…>>


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