History Of Tralles

The first historical mention of Tralles was in relation to the. attempted reconquest by the Spartan general Thlbron of the Asian cities then in Persian hands. This battle took place in 400 B.C. and Tralles remained invulnerable high atop her lofty perch. However, the city originated before this time, and Is thought to have been settled firs! by barbarians from Thrace and Argives from the Peloponnesus. The city’s name is in fact of barbarian roots, but its genesis Is not completely known. Tralles has been variously referred to as an Ionian, a Lydian, and a Carian.ctty, though-the latter is the most common label.

In 334 B.C. Tralles was used as a base by Alexander the Great, after it was conquered by film. In 301 B.C. Tralles came under Sefeculd influence and the name was briefly changed to Seleuceia, However, when in 190 B.C. Seleucicf power was overthrown by the Romans, Tralles was given to a king of Pergamum. A palace of brick, which was later used as a residence for the high priest of Zeus, was constructed by a later Pergamene king. Under the Roman Republic the city enjoyed a high status as a «convectus», though the title was later transferred to Ephesus. The city also incurred the wrath of Rome by supporting opposition to its annexation of Pergamum. The    city was forbidden to mint coins, a privilege at the time. During  the Mithridatlc War of    88-85    B.C. when   the   king of Pontus on the Black Sea tried to wrest power from the corrupt and avaricious governors and colonists from Rome who occupied Caria, the Roman residents of Tralles were mercilessly slaughtered in sympathy with the Mithridatlc cause.

After Julius Ceasgr came to power and the empire was established In 48 B.C. the city was de vesta ted  by an  earthquake,  but  was rebuilt with the  help of Augustus. To   show   its thanks,  the  city changed its name to Caesarea, but In due time reassumed its old name of Tralles, At the end of the 13th Century, the Seljuk Turks occupied the city and It became part of the sultanate of Konya. However, the Byzantines under Manuel 1 Comnenus retook Tralles and it stayed a part of the Byzantine Empire until 1282. After the Emir of Menteşe conquered Tralles, it was reduced to a pite of rubble, it wos taken by the Ottomans under Beyazit I in 1389.

Tralles is noted by the ancient historian Straba for the great wealth and prosperity of her people. In Alexander’s time and during the reign of the Pergamene kings Tralies’ riches were famous. Schools of philosophy and art were established there as well as the magnificent Pergamene palace mentioned above. The city was renowned for its pottery. In later times It was the home of Anthemius, one of the architects of the great church St. Sophia in Istanbul  Zeus Lorasius was worshipped here primarily. The title Laras-ius was said by Strabo to refer to the village of Larasa on Mt. Messogls to the north. In Byzantine times the city was the seat af a bishopric. Also great games, fashioned after the classic Greek games, were held here.

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