History Of Myrina

Most of the history learned about Myrina has come down in the form of mythology and legend. It appears that the site was visited by the Amazon armies during a great seige and conquest of Asia Minor, and that the Amazon queen, Myrina, gave her name to the Greek colony. Beyond this, very little Is heard of Myrina the city. It is known that in the fifth century B.C., Myrina along with other Aeolian cities, banded together to form a kind of maritime union. The area was controlled by Gongylos of Eretria in the fourth century, and by Antiochus I in the Third under Seleucid dominion, Myrina was then passed to Pergamum in the latter part of the third century B.C. An earthquake destroyed the city along with others of the Aeolian Confederacy in 17 A.D., but reconstruction efforts and help from Emperor Tiberius revived the area. Myrina woe-one of the twelve cities that contributed to the erection of the colossal statue of Tiberius in Rome as a show of appreciation for the Roman aid. The importance and subsequent prosperity that Myrina enjoyed came primarily with its acquisition of the famous sanctuary at Gryneum. The Gryneian Apolfo sanctuary was brought

under Myrina’s control after the religious center had lost its Independence. Myrina’s Importance was short-lived, however. Another s, earthquake in the earfy Christian era. during the reign of Trajan, destroyed the settlement a second time. And even though It was later rebuilt, Marina was unable to regain its former status. The city’s assessment In the Delian Confederacy during Its peak level of prosperity was one talent. This was much more than any of the other Aeolian cities with the exception of Kyme, A great deal of Myrina’s commerce came from the outlying oyster beds and the fishing Industry.

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