History Of Myndos

After the Lelegian peoples lost their distinctive characteristics by mrngfing with later civilizations, the Carian King Mausolus, took the populations  of six of the eight  early  cities into  his capital at Halicarnassus. These were Termera,  Side,  not to be    confused with the town of Side located further east of Bodrum on the Mediterranean Sea, Madnasa, Pedasa, Uranium and Telmissus. The remaining two were Syangela, east of the capital, and Myndos. The others were grouped to the north and northwest of Halicarnassus. The residents of the six cities were brought to the capitai, abandoning their homes, while the sites of Myndos and Syarrgela were moved fropi their original locations and rebuilt in the fourth century  according to the plan of King Mausofus for a more impressive Caria.

The residents of Myndos were referred to by Athenaeus when he was commenting on the special wines of Caria and their characteristic salty teste. He claimed that these wines, treated by the Carians with sea water, were soothing to the digestion, while overconsumption brought on none of the traditional hangovers the next morning. The historian Herodotus wrote of Myndians, that one of their number, the captain of a ship out of the city’s double harbor was responsible    for the outbreak of    the Ionian Revolution between the Greeks and  the Persians.

The Myndos of Mausolus is the site found at Gümüşlük ; the older Lelegian town was much smaller, located a few miles to the south-east. Very little is left of the former site. The fourth century Myndos was laid out on a grand scale by the architects of Caria. The harbor was weil-deslgned for protection as were the long, nearly two-mlle, city fortifications. In fact, the city walls proved to be formidable enough to keep the forces of Alexander the Great from entering Myndos. The Ptolemies controled the city from the third century until the arrival of Roman rule. Coins were minted at Myndos during this period, but no reference has been found in ancient literature to the silver mines that were uncovered in the area. The village of Gümüşlük has taken its name from these ancient mines.

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