History of Anatolia


The Turkish Republic

As the Ottoman Empire declined during the first part of the 20th century, the sultans found that they could not keep pace with western progress, After a time the autocratic government became indifferent to the welfare of the people. The … Read More »

ottoman empire logo

The Ottoman Empire

For years the Seljuk Turks and later, the Ottoman Turks, from origins similar to those of their predecessors, after having pushed back the Byzantine Empire to its stronghold on the Bosphorus, had been attempting to gain entrance to the capital. … Read More »

Seljuk Turks

Seljuk Turks

The Seljuk Turks were a tribe moving westward out of the steppes of Central Asia. ‘By the tenth century, what had started out as a small group of tribesmen on the move, became a large force of’ fighting men that … Read More »


The Byzantines

In 330 Byzantium was proclaimed New Rome by Constantine the Great, as we have noted. Rome had become a bit uncomfortable for Constantine, so he moved his armies and enlarged the already ancient city on the Bosphorus. In November of … Read More »


The Roman Empire

Near the present-day Manisa, at ancient Magnesia ad Slpylum, a battle was fought between Roman legions and the armies of Hannibal and the Seleucid Antiochus 111. The year was 190 B.C., and the battle was called the Battle of Magnesia. … Read More »


The Hellenistic World

The Age of Hellenism came in Anatolia with Alexander the Great’s conquest of the region. The youthful conqueror, twenty-four years old at his rise to power following the death of his father, Philip of Macedonia, was indeed an interesting personality. … Read More »



The Urartians became a powerful force beginning around 1000 B.C. in the mountains of Eastern Anatolia. Their origins have been traced to the Hurians who entered the region from the Caspian Sea. As the Hittite influence started to decline in … Read More »



The Hittites had firmly entrenched themselves in Anatolia by the year 1700 B.C. Their history as an independent people spans a period of roughly a thousand years. This is broken into three ages: Old, New and Late periods. The Old … Read More »


Early Beginnings

The story of Anatolia is one of people. The Anatolian peninsula  a vast expanse of highlands and mountain ranges, sloping gently to the sea in the West  has been inhabited since the first dawn of man. The tele is a … Read More »