From Silifke there is a rough road to the town of Uzuncoburç [High Tower) where the ruins of Diocaesarea and Olba are. Along the route there are tombs, stone sarcophagi, and temple-tombs some of which hove beautiful columns with Corinthian capitals. One, in particular is two-storied and ’decorated both with Doric and Corinthian capitals.
Diocaesarea and Olba were known as the temple state of Olbd which was a priest state. Here is the best preserved temple to Zeus in Asia Minor. It was built around 300 B.C. and Seleucus I paid for the roof of an arcade leading around the inner side of the enclosing wall.
Five beautiful columns, each cut from one piece of granite, remain from the Temple to Psyche. According to an inscription in the architrave the temple was dedicated to the goddess in the 1st. century B.C. The main entrance to the city was through the three-arched gate rebuilt by Arcadius and Honorius in the 4th century. Only a trace of the theater, said to have been built by Marcus Aurelius, remains. The area abounds with tombs, one from the Doric period, fragments of walls, and towers.
Olba; Joined by an ancient stone road still partially in use, is the site of Olba. Here the water installations, and ruins seem of an older, different period. Some stone tombs can still be found, and stone fragments from very early history have been rebuilt into walls. Throughout all of this rocky land portions of the Roman aqueduct stand in magestlc memory of the master builders of the ages,