Termessos is one of the most attractive and best preserved archaeological sites in Turkey. Although mentioned in the ¡Iliad in connection with the legend of Bellerophon, Termessos first appears in history in 334 B.C. when Alexander the Great passed through the region. He did not attack the city, largely because of its impregnable location. Termessos enjoyed its first period of prosperity In the Hellenistic Age and its second in Roman times.
RUINS OF TERMESSOS
The ruins of Termessos are beautifully set on a mountain top in dense woodland. A car Is required to reach the area, followed by a 20 minute uphill walk to the site itself. The most interesting ruins in the area are :The Stoa of Attalos, erected by Attalos II, King of Pergamum, in 138 B.C. as a two-storeyed structure in the Doric style.
The Greek-style Theatre, which has a magnlflclent mountain top setting and a sitting capacity of 4,200. The stage is separated from tihe auditorium by open passages. The theatre was Brected in the late second century B.C.
The Bouleuterion which dates from Hellenistic times. The Artemis Temple which is well-preserved, dates from the Roman period.
The Main Temple of Termessos, built during the reign of Antonines (138-192 A.D.} in the Doric style, the Corinthian Temple.
Other ruins worth seeing in the area are: The Founder’s House, The Gymnasium, the Colonnaded Street, the Propylon of Hadrian, The Cisterns, The Tombs, and the Fortification Walls.