This town is located an the promentory at the southwest end of Lake Van, from where you can board a ferryboat for a tour of the lake; the boot goes toward the north to Ahlat, Adllcevoz, and Erciş and south to Reşadiye. From Tatvan you can climb the Nemrut volcano for a view of the crater lake some three hundred meters below. A jeep can be rented İn Tatvan to take you through o crack in the rim of the crater and down to the lake shore. Steam «till hisses from fissures found near the summit of the volcano. A belief of the local population has it that the crater lake Is connected underground to a small lake to the west which is the source of the Murat branch of the Euphrates River.
Continuing on toward Erciş, you will pass through Adilcevoz; It lies some seventy kilometers from Tatvan. Adilcevaz is surrounded by vast gardens. Here is found a fortress dating from the Middle Ages; another attraction is a mosque from the Mongol period. The fortress, in a rather poor state of preservation, rises immediately above the town , It was constructed by the Seljuks, Inside the ruined castle were found several pieces of a Urartu relief of a Urartian god or king; this has been moved to the museum in Van. tt is thought that these fragments had fallen Into the castle from the ancient Urartian fortress that is perched high over the valley to the west of the town.
Turkey offers to yachtsmen an almost unique combination of splendid sailing waters and a host of impressive ord interfesting antiquities situated within easy reach of the many safe and beautiful harbours and anchorages of the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts.’ Adding to the normally reliable weather, the warm clear sea water, the friendliness and helpfulness of the local people make a visit to the orea a wonderful experience for any visiting yachtsman. This section is neither intended to provide an exhaustive list of antiquities along the coast which have already been covered earlier, nor to provide detailed sailing directions but rather to point out to the visiting yachtsman, whether he is arriving in his own isssel or chartering in Turkey, some of the many attractions of the area. Two typical voyages are indicated on the maps that fallow. The first starts at Bodrum, the second at Marmaris.
Situated in the extreme eouth-west, Bodrum, once called Halicarnassus, is the logical port of arrival or embarkation for Turkish Aegean or Mediterranean cruising. It offers all the facilities wich a yachtman needs, including boatyards and good berthing for pleasure craft as well as charter services. The round harbour is virtually as it was when Halicarnassus was the capita! of Cqria and the extensive remains of the port’s ancient quays are still visible under the waters of the harbour.
Bodrum guards the entrance to the historic Gulf,of Cos, (on charts now called, variously, Gökova Körfezi or. Kerme Körfezi) with Karaada (Black Island), old Arkonessos, lying just off shore. Starting the first voyage by setting eastwards along the Gulf of Cos, the Orak Islands offer unexcelled Aegean swimming, while ören is the gateway to all that is left of Keramos, Modern Gökova and Idyma, yet another Carian city, are at the head of the Gulf. Coming back to the open sea along the southern shore of the Gulf, visit first Cedrac Island. Its beach is known os the Cleopatra Beach and legend has it that when Cleopatra came to Tarsus to meet Antony, she complained that there was no sand on Cedrac which she had visited en route. Thereupon Antony had sand brought there from Egypt. Also on the south shore, put in at İngiliz Umanı (English Harbour), so called because during the First World War squadrons of the British Royal Navy hid themselves here under cover of the bay’s lush foliage. The inlet of Löngöz offers the next quiet anchorage In another well forested haven, and beyond that lie the Yedi Adalar (The Seven Islands) recommended to avid skin divers.
The major archeological site of Cnidus occupies an impressive natural position at the tip of the peninsula that forms the southern boundary of the Gulf, and may be visited after rounding Gape Iskand After visiting Cnidus, yachtmen find themselves sailing In another sheltered gulf Hlsarönü Körfezi (Gulf of Doris), with the ancient city of Erine lying close by today’s Hisarönü, where the inlet ends.
Heading for the open sea again and going round Kara Burun, (Black Cape) set course for Marmaris, at the end of a green and rçpoded nearly landlocked bay, where Süleyman the Magnificent once assembled his galleys for the invasion of Rhodes. Like Bodrum, Marmaris offers good facilities to the yachtsman and is a convenient starting point for the second voyage. Sailing further eastward along the coast, the estuary of the river leading to the ruins of the ancient city of Cacinos, lying between Lake Köyceğiz and Dalyan, offers an unexpected almost African looking ambience while Fethiye and its magnificient landlocked harbour greet arriving voyagers with a display of tombs, King Amyntas’ among them, looking down from the high cliffs. The attractive Ölü Deniz (Dead Sea) which is approached by a narrow channel from the open sea,’gets its namB from its calm waters.
Kalkan’s open harbour was once a busy part. It looks like a fishing village of a century or more ago. Kaş was the Antiphellus of antiquity, and Its Hellenistic theater is still occasionally the scene of lively Turkish oiled wrestling. The next place to visit Is Kekova Bay which provides protected anchorage and offers beautiful scenery with interesting ruins. Yachtsmen with time to spare, and with Santa Claus in mind, should anchor at Finike to take the short trip to Demre, the ancient Myra, once the home of Saint Nicholas, the prototype of Santa Claus, Father Christmas.
Olympus is yet another ghost port of Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, a quiet anchorage where the forest has almost completely claimed what was once a thriving port From Olympus make the worthwhile trek to the mountain a few kilometers to the northwest to the Yanar taş, where escaping gases have burned for centuries. According to legend, these were the flames coming from the mouth of the Chimera, the monster which was killed by Bellerophon mounted on his winged steed Pegasus. Modern yachtmen, and occasionally a passing fisherman, are all the traffic that comes to deserted Phaselis now. In its golden age Phaselis boasted three harbours. Its ruins stili testify to its former greatness, a theater, an agora and an avenue where the citizens swarmed out to greet the Emperor ‘Hadrian.
At Kemer, the antithesis of abandoned Phaselis, the Italians have built a model holiday village and have launched their own flotilla of sailboats, Antalya, in another age called Attalela, perches on cave-perfa-rated red cliffs, and is a lively city that has never lost the prosperity that it gained in ancient times, despite living through Roman, Crusader and Seljuk Turkish rule. The old harbour still keeps its antique look, Roman wails and Seljuk mlnarete look down on its shipping, but today modern Antalya has become the first city of the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.