Avcılar is what used to be the See of Matyane it is now a picturesque troglodyte village with family dwellings built right Into the rock formations. The village is famous for its onyx and possesses five churches, some of which are inhabited by the villagers. The village of Çavuşlu is on the road from Avcılar to Avanos. It is located behind a high rock face that is honeycombed with grottos. Above the face of the rock is the colonnade of the Church of Saint John the Baptist. Nearby this is the Church of Nicephorus Phocas, which is called the Pigeon House af Çavuşin. Two areas that are dotted with hermitages are found to the south-east of Çavuşin. These date to the pre-lconociastic period. In the Valley of Roses or Güllü Dere, several churches are to be seen. The second region is called the Red Ravine or Kızıl Çukur, and here the decorations of the church are exquisite.
The site most famous for its troglodytes is that of Zelve, The road from Çavuşin leads to this spot which is fasinating valley of rock pinnacles or fairy chimneys, as they are called. These spires have evolved through the erosion of vertical cracks with a harder rock stratum forming caps to protect the pinnacles from lateral erosion, in Zeive we find many red cone dwellings and chapels from various periods. Continuing down the road to Avanos, on the banks of the ancient River Halys or the Kızılırmak River of today, there is more of interest for the visitor. Between this town and Özkonak a huge underground city has been discovered, Avanos itself le famous for carpets, potteryware and onyx.