The sights of touristic interest are many and varied in Van. These include, first and foremost, the ancient citadel of the city, several fine mosques dating from the Seljuk settlement in the region, Toprakkale, which is the site of the Urartian capital, and a fantastic Armenian church.
The Citadel Of Van: It is found two kilometers to the west of the center of Van, on the top of a long rocky spur. A considerable part of this fortress still stands. It was built upon thB limestone perch Jn the 9th century B.C. by the ruler of the Urartu people, Sardur II. The citadel stretches for nearly two thousand meters on the long side by a hundred and twenty on the northeast end. Its summit Is eighty meters above Lake Van. Inscriptions carved In cuneiform script by the Kings of Urartu can be seen near a grotto In which were found burial vaults and inscriptions in three languages. These were in Babylonian, Persian, and Mede, and they sang the glory af the Persian conqueror Xerxes in the 5th century B.C. On the sides of the hill are other burial vaults that were cut into the side of the cliff
Toprakkale: This is the site of the 8th century B.C. center of the Urartu civilization. It Is located a few kilometers down the Özalp road and occupies the summit of a hiii from where the view of Lake Van is magnificent…>>
Aghtamar Island: This small islet is reached by boat from the port of Gevaş, and the voyage takes about a half an hour. The mpst remarkable of the points of interest on Aghtamar is the Armenian church found roughly four kilometers from the bank…>>
Tatvan: This town is located an the promentory at the southwest end of Lake Van, from where you can board a ferryboat for a tour of the lake; the boot goes toward the north to Ahlat, Adllcevoz, and Erciş and south to Reşadiye…>>