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Ruins-of-Asclepieum

Ruins of Asclepieum

The Sacred Way, which is one kilometer long, begins from the Ruined Gate and leads to the Asclepieum. Patients and visitors reaching the propyiaeum would proceed from here to the large square which was surrounded by gaiieries on the three sides. The Library, the Theatre, the public facilities, the Sacred Passage, the Temple of Telesphoros, the Temple of Asclepius, and the Holy Spring are the main places of interest here

The Library : This building which is situated at the northern corner of the courtyard of Asclepieum was also used as an imperial hail, The niches in its walls and the floor were covered with colored marble plaques, the broken pieces of which can now be seen on the ground.

The Theater : A 25 metres long porticoed gallery leads to the theater in the northern corner of the courtyard: This theater which seats 5000 people, has a box for twelve people, an orchestra and a stage. The stage had a three-storied façade with five doors looking on to the courtyard. A statue of Dyonisus found here is now in the Bergamo Museum.

A 95 metres long western colonnade extends from the theater to the public facilites from where another colonnade, the southern one, extends as far as the temples, In the middle of the courtyard is the Sacred fountain (spring) and immediately in front of it is the 82 metres long Sacred Corridor (passage). The 12 windows of the passage used to be closed to produce a gloomy atmosphere. Patients would go to the temple through this corridor.

The Temple of Telesphoros : This was a 20 metres high, two-storied building at the end of the Sacred Corridor. Patients used to sleep and have dreams here. There were six large niches with statues in the building.

The Temple of Asclepius : The most socred part of the Health Center, this building was a 20 meters high structure covered with a dome. There is a marble fountain on the right. A snoke shaped bronze pipe was found here.

The Bergama Museum : Opened to public in 1936, the museum is full of various rare specimens of material from the Neolithic, Bronze Age, Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods.

OTHER MONUMENTS

There is a Roman Theater capable of holding 30.000 people, near the Ruined Gate, a Roman Amphitheater capable of holding 50.000 people, arid remains of a large circus.

The Basilica – Serapium : Basilicas were first used as places where people met to transact business, but lotar large teirtples were also called by that name. The Basilica at Pergamum was a temple dedicated to the worship of Serapis, an Egyptian god. Built on thş bank of the Selinus (Bergama Çayı) this building is one of the^ most important existing buildings of Anatolia. The building rose to a height of 25 meters and was originally covered with a wooden roof. The 35 ton marble block at the entrance is sufficient to give an idea of the size of this impressive structure. Beiow the roof were boxes where stairs led from bath sides, in the niches in the side walls were statues, and above them were windows decorated with friezes. The lower parts of the walls made of red tiles were covered with marble, and the upper parts left in original red tile work, thus presenting a beautiful color hormony. There was a large statue in the curved altar inside the building. Built by Hadrian during the 2nd century A.D., the Basilica was later used as a church by the Byzantines, who named it the Church of St. John. Nile water used to be put in the hollow part to the right of ihe entrance. The towers on both sides were built in honour of the Egyptian gods Isis and Harpocr’ates or Horus.

The Basilica was surrounded by a gallery consisting of 200 columns. The Tiled Minaret: The minaret made of colored tiles, and the adjoining mosque, are Turkish works at Pergamum.

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