Philadelphia was probably founded on the site of a Lydian town. It was founded by Attala II Phllodelphus and named Philadelphia In his honour. The plain’s fertility was famous and the town was prosperous. It was devastated by the earthquakes of 17 and 23
A.D. in the reign of Tiberius, but he helped In the rebuilding of the city as he did with so many of the cities In Asia Minor, in gratitude ihe citizens built temples to various of the emperors, including Tiberius, Cafigula and Vespasian. The pilgrims who visited the temples provided a great deal of revenue for:the city and Christianity took firm rpo! here later than in most other cities. Indeed many of the early Christians were martyred. However It did take root and Philadelphia was important during Byzantine times. It successfully repelled the Turkish invaders under their general, Eumathios Philokales. By the fourteenth century it was completely surrounded by-the Turks and eventualy in 1379 Sultan Murad I asked that the town should be part of the price for the help he gave towards the restoration of the Byzantine emperor John Palaeologus. The walls, which are Byzantine, ore for the most part still standing. They include several semi-circular towers. There are the ruins of a basilica and several Interesting mosques.