Kyme, the most important af the Aeolian Confederacy cities, is located some forty kilometers south of Bergama, at the village of Namurt Limani. It was settled near the ancient Pythicos River, Koca Çay today, and enjoyed extreme prosperity from its fertile agricultural lands and position on the sea.
History Of Kyme
Early Greeks settled Kyme shortly after the Trojfin War, whert Larisa was conquered and ruled by the Peiasgians. Kyme was one of the twelve Aeolian cities, according to Herodotus, which were founded by the descendents of Agamemnon. And the ancient Strobe relates that Kyme was «the biggest and best of .the Aeolion cities#. The city served as c major center for the surrounding settlements. A fleet from Kyme assisted the Persian Darius in 512 B.C., and also Xerxes in his invasion of Greece in 460, Later, under the Hellenistic kings and the Romans, Kyme contributed little to the history of antiquity. The citizens lived quiet and prosperous lives, still maintaining their city as the most’important of this area.
The citizens of Kyme, like those of the rest of Aeolla, placed more importance on their land than on the sea. Most were farmers, content, ot first, to grow just enough to maintain themselves, The prosperity and wealth came later, after they realized the potentials in shipping agricultural products to other parts of the world by water. In fact, the Kymaens earned an early reputation for their ignorance of shipping and commerce. According to Strabo, it was not until some three hundred years after the city’s settlement that the citizens realized the Importance of their position on the sea. Later, after the formation of the Delian Confederacy, however, Kyme was paying a higher tribute than the largest cities in Aeolis or Ionia? including Ephesus—a tribute of nine talents. Kyme’s seemingly insignificance in history stems primarily from the fact that it was an agricultural area, and the majority of its inhabitants were engaged in farming rather than in organizing great military forces.
Plan Of Kyme
Music and poetry played c large port of the cultural life of Kyme. The family of the epic poet Hesod moved ta Greece from Kyme, And Ephorus, the fourth-century historian, also resided in Kyme. The city’s architectural forms were executed primarily along Ionic lines.
The goddess Aphrodite was worshipped at Kyme from the time of the erection of her sanctuary on the acropolis in the fourth century, until the second century B.C. It appears, from the excavation of a small Ionic temple, that the Egyptian gods Isis and Osiris were worshipped at this period. Kyme was later a Christian bishopric until the days of the Ottomans.