It has been surmised that the Phrygians started slow movement to the area in which Gordion is situated shortly after the collapse of the Hittlte Empire. The site appears to have been inhabited much earlier artifacts dating to the early Bronze Age in Anatolia have been uncovered there. An American team of archaeologists frrfs concluded that the capital of the Phrygians does not date earlier than the 8th century B.C., and that it probably reached its pinnacle during the years 725 to 675 B.C. The most famous Phrygian about whom we have any knowledge was King Midas. He was called the Mita of Muski in the records of King Sargon of Assyria, and the tumulus thought to be that of Midas was found containing a rich and wide assortment of Phrygian artifacts.
The Site of Gordion is a large mound of earth that has built up over the centuries and that dominates the fiat Anatolian plain in this region. The excavations at the site have laid open the various layers of the ancient city to reveal a -much more comprehensible history than that of Troy, which was contemporary with Gordion. Like the site of Troy, this one was simply town piled on top of town, city on top of city. Since the site offered no natural defensive capabilities, the Romans and Celts placed little strategic importance on it. Gordion’s fame and glory during the time of the Phrygians soon dwindled, and the ancient capital fell to disuse.