Nestled In a shallow basin high on the Central Anatolian Plain, Ankara exists as the pulse of the modern Turkish nation. It has been the capital of Turkey since the formation of the Republic under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatiirk, following the collapse of the Ottoman government. The Ankara region is rich in historical and touristic attractions owing to its long period of continuous occupation. Stone Age peoples were the first inhabitants of the area, and the Hittite Empire, which flourished during the second millennium B.C., was centered in the vicinity. The city today is one of constant change, with people moving in from the outlying villages of Anatolia in search of a better life. The population of Ankara Is rapidly approaching the two million mark, and boundries of the city proper are being pushed outward daily. Most of the region consists of rolling hills, varying between 800 and 1350 meters above sea level.
History Of Ankara : The Hittites were well established in Central Anatolia by the year 1700 B.C. These early Anatolians built their capital northeast of Ankara at Bogazkoy, and from there ruled over the powerful empire…>>
Sites Of Interest : The capital has a large and varied assortment of interesting spots for the visitor to see. The most important of these is the Museum of Archaeology; also known as the Hrttite museum because of its excellent collection of Hittite relics and artifacts…>>
The Alâeddin Mosque: This dates to the 12th century Seljuk period in Ankara, The beautifully preserved wooden – mimber is inscribed with the date 1198, but much restoration work has been done on the small building. An interesting aspect of the mosque is the thick columns of the porch with their ancient capitals. The original wooden doors of the mosque are on display at Ankara’s Ethnographic Museum.
Archaeological Museum : The museum is located in the aid han district of the old city. It is on the southern slope of the citadel hill in the refurbished buildings of an Ottoman han and bedistan; these are the Kurşunlu Han and the Mahmut Paşa Bedesten. Both are thought to have been constructed in 1471, during the sultanship ofjı Mehmet the Conqueror. The bedesten or covered bazaar is used as one of the exhibition halls and is a large, dame-topped centra] chamber surrounded by rows of shop stalls…>>
Temple of Augustus : The temple of Ankara has a long history; It was dedicated to Cybele, various fertility goddesses of Anatoiia, the Moon god of the Phrygians and, finally, to the Roman Emperor Augustus. It was turned into a church in the 4th century by. the Byzantines. The temple was probably built around 25 B.C. after the Province of Galatia was annexed by the Romans, it stands on a many-stepped podium which is some two meters high. It measures 36×55 meters, and was built in the Corinthian order. The inscriptions in both Latin and Greek that are seen on the walls of the temple were done in the second century; these are a systematic record of deeds of the Emperor Augustus. The temple was built facing to the west as were most of the Greek temples built in Anatolia.
Roman Baths: The baths are found near Yıldırım Beyazıt Square, at the foot of the citadel. They date from the period of Emperor Caracalla, 211 -217, The large baths have a palaestra and rooms that were centrally heated. Little is left of the baths except for the brick foundations. The small brick columns hold up the floors of the baths and retained the heat from the furnaces
Column of Julian: This 17-meter-high column, located next to Hükümet Square, dates to Byzantine times and is thought to have been erected to commemorate the visit of Emperor Julian to Ankara during the second hal! of the 4th century. The fifteen fluted column drums are topped by a capital with acanthus leaves In the Byzantine tradition. The column is also known as the «minaret of the Queen of Sheba».
Mosques of Ankara : There are several mosques of Interest in Ankara. The Haci Bayram Mosque is right next to the Temple of Augustus, This conduction, built of yellow stone and brick, dates to the 15th century. ..>>
Mausoleum of Atatürk : Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s final resting piace, Anıt Kabir in Turkish, is one of Ankara’s most impressive monuments. It dominates the skyline of the city and was built In a Neo-classical style in 1953, taking eleven years in the process of completion…>>
Other Sights : Included among other sights of Interest in Ankara are Atatürk’s farm, his house, the old Parliament Building and the Ethnographic Museum. Atatürk Farm or Atatürk Orman Ciftliği is found five kilometers west of the city…>>